While NSCLC patient outcomes have improved over time, the influence of race and socioeconomic factors on these outcomes has historically not been well studied. By using data from the National Cancer Database on NSCLC incident cases from 2004-2013 in the U.S., Dr. Lou and her team sought to determine whether a correlation exists between patients' overall survival (OS) and various socioeconomic factors and race.
Of the more than 1.1 million cases studied, 86.4 percent were White, 10.6 percent were Black, and smaller proportions were Asian and Hispanic. Income was fairly evenly distributed. Additionally, a majority of the cases were individuals who were insured, lived in a metro area and received care at non-academic facilities.
Based on this study, the researchers determined that the influence of race and specific socioeconomic factors is significant. In order to ensure fair treatment and patient outcomes, these factors must be considered in the provision of care for NSCLC.
"The study is the largest analysis on the correlation between race and socioeconomic factors and NSCLC outcomes to date," said Dr. Lou. "Our findings indicate that improving outcomes for NSCLC patients doesn't solely rely on advancements in medicine, but also on ensuring more equitable health care delivery."
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer, Yokohama, Japan